Sources of biomass
Biomass from a wide range of sources can be processed into a solid biofuel. Wood pellets, chip or hog fuel is the most common solid biofuel and can be produced from any woody biomass.The least amount of pretreatment is required for biomass sourced from wood processors. The market for biofuels from biomass. is emerging at a fast rate as the demand for solid biofuels increases. Biomass is in demand for other competing uses such as the extraction of biochemicals for the production of bio-based materials to replace plastics such as which are currently produced from fossil fuel sources.
Municipal solid organic waste can also be chipped or pelletised and used as a solid biofuel. Paper and cardboard can be pelletised into a clean fuel.
Forestry and harvest residues
- Bioenergy Options for New Zealand - Pathways Analysis
- Bioenergy Options for New Zealand - Situation Analysis
- Residual biomass fuel projections for New Zealand
Biomass from municipal waste
- NZ Biomass Resource Atlas, Vols. 1 & 2
- Pelletisation of paper and cardboard for use as a solid biofuel.
Information on biomass resources in Australia is found on the Biomass Producer website biomassproducer.com.au
In New Zealand biomass is derived from three sustainable sources: Municipal waste, agricultural and food processing residues, and plantation forestry.
Using the organic waste or residues from communities and manufacturing is a key objective of sustainable living. It also makes sound sense and can lead to economic benefits of new products and employment. We are good at producing waste and we do it 365/24 so it is a no brainer that we should look at the value that we can extract from it. Energy and the co-products of energy is one of those products.
Biogas technologies can be used to reduce animal effluent run-off to waterways and agricultural residues can be used to improve operating performance of anaerobic digestor equipment.